Texas Gov. Greg Abbott announced Tuesday that he would call lawmakers to the Capitol for a special session in mid-July to work on an ambitious 20-item program.
The announcement comes after the two chambers failed to pass legislation on “sunset,” committing several government agencies, including the Texas Medical Board, allowing doctors across the state.
We have compiled an overview of what Texans should expect this summer, as lawmakers return to Austin.
A special session is equivalent to extra legal time. If lawmakers reach a deadlock on key issues or if the governor decides that the legislative program should continue, they may call a special session.
The premise is similar to that of an ordinary session – except that the governor is the one who has the last word on this occasion.
During a regular session, legislators can discuss bills on any subject; In a special session if a bill is not on the governor’s agenda, it is off limits.
Another difference is time – lawmakers have only 30 days to do their work. And unlike the predictability of a regular session, the governor can convene a special session at any time and without notice.
Special sessions can be called when mandatory items – such as the state budget – have not been completed.
But throughout the history of the state, special sessions were called to issues such as funding education, reforming state agencies or redesigning the boundaries of legislative districts or Congress.
The governor determines the agenda on his “call”, which allows the two rooms to know what to consider.
Excluding other expenses related to Capitol use, a one-month special session can cost $ 716 to $ 819 000 in Parliament and the press, Politifact said.
There were 119 special sessions since 1850, according to documents from the Legislative Research Library. Former Gov. Rick Perry has called 12 special sessions during his 15 years as governor.
The last special session was held in May 2013, when Perry asked lawmakers to address issues such as rediscélité infrastructure and transportation projects.
The Texas Constitution requires lawmakers to meet every two years for more than 140 days.
In addition, the governor may call the Legislature for the number of extraordinary sessions he desires, with a maximum of 30 days.
The special session this year should begin on July 18. Legislators can initiate pre-dispatch invoices 30 days before the start of the session.
“Due to the inability [of the legislature] or refusal to adopt a single law that prevents the closure of the medical profession, I announce a special session to complete this unfinished business,” a press conference in Abbott told reporters Tuesday. press.
Lawmakers can file all the bills they want, but the legislator can not take into account bills that the governor has called for. Other items may be added by the governor during a session.
And while a “privacy” law refers to the Abbott call for the special session, the prosecutor in the House a bill in the bathroom, the state representative.
Ron Simmons, R-Carrollton, said he plans to send the bill to the House in 2899, which would have eliminated the political bath room, trans-inclusive cities and school districts.