EVM challenge: How the world has dealt with electronic voting machines
In February 2004, the Supreme Court of Karnataka has welcomed, in a case involving former railway minister CK Jaffer Sharief, electronic voting machines (EVMs) used by the Election Commission as “national pride.”
This pride of the world’s largest democracy is now facing a crisis of credibility. Many prominent leaders in the country have raised doubts about the reliability of EVM. The trend is not new. Even the best leaders of the BJP questioned the reliability of EVM when the party was in opposition.
Doubts were released as soon as the results of the elections for the Assembly elections in five states were released in March this year. The BSP leader, Mayawati, was the first to claim that the EVM had been falsified in the UP Assembly election.
AAP host Arvind Kejriwal also joined the group, accusing him of violating his party’s EVM loss at the Punjab polls. While the Mayawati button was not overly stressed it emits EVM, Kejriwal continued. One member of the PAA, Saurabh Bhardwaj has “proven” in the Delhi Assembly that the EVM could be manipulated, prompting Kejriwal to claim that the voting machine could be hacked in 90 seconds.
The Electoral Commission has repeatedly denied the allegation and dismissed the allegation that the EVM owned and maintained by it could be pirated. The electronic voting machine has also experienced a similar credibility crisis in other parts of the world.
There are about 120 countries in the world that practice democracy. Of all these democratic countries, only about 25 have tried or used electronic voting machines to elect their governments. So the EVM is not the dominant choice in the world for the registration of votes in the elections.
Countries that have used electronic voting include small countries like Estonia to the oldest democracy, the United States of America.
A Wikipedia search shows that Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, India, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, electronic voting Netherlands, Norway, Philippines, Romania, South Korea, Spain, Switzerland , United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Scotland and Venezuela have used in one form or another.
THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
The United States is the oldest modern democracy in the world. It is in its 25 decade of democracy, but the country does not have a uniform voting system. Several states are still using ballot papers, while others have moved to electronic voting. Some have experienced the electronic voting system, but returned to the vote to address the fears.
A critical point in the experience of electronic voting in the US Was that their voting machines are connected to a server and operate through the Internet. This makes them vulnerable to cyber attacks. During the last presidential election, an invisible Russian hand was suspected of influencing the election of voters.
This mode of EVM has been questioned several times and forced some countries to eliminate electronic voting. But also, who generally have not thought of the introduction of the EVM autonomous network – used in India – to use in elections in their country.
Germany is the biggest democracy in Europe. Electronic voting was introduced in 2005. Germany imported voting machines to conduct their elections of a private company in the Netherlands.
The machines were later reported to have several layers of deficiencies. Germany intends to eliminate these diseases in their machines, but before that, the subject reached its maximum court.
In 2009, Germany’s Federal Constitutional Court said that the use of electronic voting machines in elections was unconstitutional and noted that such a practice was not transparent. Germany, unlike India, has not passed a law allowing the use of electronic voting machines to vote in elections.